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Oregon

JURISDICTIONAL END OF MARRIAGE DATE: Date of Separation: If there is no Separation Date use current date.

STATE TYPE FOR PENSION EVALUATION: Oregon is an "equitable distribution" state. The court will divide all of the property of the parties, whether jointly or separately held, as it deems equitable and just. There is a rebuttal presumption that both spouses contributed equally to the acquisition of property during the marriage. Prior to distribution, the court will require full disclosure of all assets owned by the parties.

[Oregon Revised Statutes; Volume 2, Sections 107.036 and 107.105].


OR. REV. STAT. § 107.036

Doctrines of fault and in pari delicto abolished; evidence admissible not to include fault; decree.

(1) The doctrines of fault and of in pari delicto are abolished in suits for the annulment or dissolution of a marriage or for separation.

(2) The court shall not receive evidence of specific acts of misconduct, excepting where child custody is an issue and such evidence is relevant to that issue and such evidence is relevant to that issue, or excepting at a hearing when the court finds such evidence necessary to prove irreconcilable differences.

(3) In dividing, awarding and distributing the real and personal property (or both) of the parties (or either of them) between the parties, or in making such property or any of it subject to a trust, and in fixing the amount and duration of the contribution one party is to make to the support of the other, the court shall not consider the fault, if any, of either of the parties in causing grounds for the annulment or dissolution of the marriage or for separation.

(4) Where satisfactory proof of grounds for the annulment or dissolution of a marriage or for separation has been made, the court shall not award a decree to either party but shall only decree the annulment or dissolution of the marriage or for separation. A decree of separation shall state the duration of the separation.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 107.105

Provisions of decree.

(1) Whenever the court renders a judgment of marital annulment, dissolution or separation, the court may provide in the judgment:

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(e) For the delivery to one party of such party's personal property in the possession or control of the other at the time of the giving of the judgment.

(f) For the division or other disposition between the parties of the real or personal property, or both, of either or both of the parties as may be just and proper in all the circumstances. A retirement plan or pension or an interest therein shall be considered as property. The court shall consider the contribution of a spouse as a homemaker as a contribution to the acquisition of marital assets. There is a rebuttable presumption that both spouses have contributed equally to the acquisition of property during the marriage, whether such property is jointly or separately held. Subsequent to the filing of a petition for annulment or dissolution of marriage or separation, the rights of the parties in the marital assets shall be considered a species of coownership, and a transfer of marital assets under a decree of annulment or dissolution of marriage or of separation entered on or after October 4, 1977, shall be considered a partitioning of jointly owned property. The court shall require full disclosure of all assets by the parties in arriving at a just property division. In arriving at a just and proper division of property, the court shall consider reasonable costs of sale of assets, taxes and any other costs reasonably anticipated by the parties. If a spouse has been awarded spousal support in lieu of a share of property, the court shall so state on the record, and shall order the obligor to provide for and maintain life insurance in an amount commensurate with the obligation and designating the obligee as beneficiary for the duration of the obligation. If the obligor dies prior to the termination of such support and such insurance is not in force, the court may modify the method of payment of spousal support under the judgment or order of support from installments to a lump sum payment to the obligee from the estate of the obligor in an amount commensurate with the present value of the spousal support at the time of death. The obligee or attorney of the obligee shall cause a certified copy of the judgment to be delivered to the life insurance company or companies. If the obligee or the attorney of the obligee delivers a true copy of the judgment to the life insurance company or companies, identifying the policies involved and requesting such notification under this section, the company or companies shall notify the obligee, as beneficiary of the insurance policy, whenever the policyholder takes any action that will change the beneficiary or reduce the benefits of the policy. Either party may request notification by the insurer when premium payments have not been made. If the obligor is ordered to provide for and maintain life insurance, the obligor shall provide to the obligee a true copy of the policy. The obligor shall also provide to the obligee written notice of any action that will reduce the benefits or change the designation of the beneficiaries under the policy.

(g) For the creation of trusts as follows:

(A) For the appointment of one or more trustees to hold, control and manage for the benefit of the children of the parties, of the marriage or otherwise, such of the real or personal property of either or both of the parties, as the court may order to be allocated or appropriated to their support and welfare; and to collect, receive, expend, manage or invest any sum of money decreed for the support and welfare of minor children of the parties.

(B) For the appointment of one or more trustees to hold, manage and control such amount of money or such real or personal property of either or both of the parties, as may be set aside, allocated or appropriated for the support of a party.

(C) For the establishment of the terms of the trust and provisions for the disposition or distribution of such money or property to or between the parties, their successors, heirs and assigns after the purpose of the trust has been accomplished. Upon petition of a party or a person having an interest in the trust showing a change of circumstances warranting a change in the terms of the trust, the court may make and direct reasonable modifications in its terms.

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(2) In determining the proper amount of support and the proper division of property under subsection (1)(c), (d) and (f) of this section, the court may consider evidence of the tax consequences on the parties of its proposed decree.

(3) Upon the filing of the decree, the property division ordered shall be deemed effective for all purposes. This transfer by decree, which shall effect solely owned property transferred to the other spouse as well as commonly owned property in the same manner as would a declaration of a resulting trust in favor of the spouse to whom the property is awarded, shall not be deemed a taxable sale or exchange.

(4) If an appeal is taken from a decree of annulment or dissolution of marriage or of separation or from any part of a decree rendered in pursuance of the provisions of ORS 107.005 to 107.085, 107.095, 107.105, 107.115 to 107.174, 107.405, 107.425, 107.445 to 107.520, 107.540 and 107.610, the court making such decree may provide in a separate order for any relief provided for in ORS 107.095 and shall provide that the order is to be in effect only during the pendency of the appeal. A temporary order under this subsection may be enforced as provided in ORS 33.015 to 33.155. On motion of a party the Court of Appeals may review the trial court's disposition of a request for a temporary order. A motion under this subsection must be filed with the Court of Appeals within 14 days after the entry of the temporary order. The Court of Appeals may modify the trial court's order only if the Court of Appeals finds an abuse of discretion by the trial court. Upon such finding, the Court of Appeals may enter a temporary order, affirm, modify or vacate the trial court's order, remand the order to the trial court for reconsideration or impose terms and conditions on the order.

(5) If an appeal is taken from the decree or other appealable order in a suit for annulment or dissolution of a marriage or for separation, and the appellate court awards costs and disbursements to a party, it may also award to that party, as part of the costs, such additional sum of money as it may adjudge reasonable as an attorney fee on the appeal.

(6) If, as a result of a suit for the annulment or dissolution of a marriage or for separation, the parties to such suit become owners of an undivided interest in any real or personal property, or both, either party may maintain supplemental proceedings by filing a petition in such suit for the partition of such real or personal property, or both, within two years from the entry of said decree, showing among other things that the original parties to such decree and their joint or several creditors having a lien upon any such real or personal property, if any there be, constitute the sole and only necessary parties to such supplemental proceedings. The procedure in the supplemental proceedings, so far as applicable, shall be the procedure provided in ORS 105.405, for the partition of real property, and the court granting such decree shall have in the first instance and retain jurisdiction in equity therefor.

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2003 OREGON LAWS CH. 576 (H.B. 2646)

Judgments.

Section 18. Expiration of judgment remedies in circuit court.

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(7)(a) If a money award in a judgment under ORS 107.105(1)(f) provides for a future payment of money, and the future payment does not become due for 10 or more years after the judgment is entered, judgment remedies for the portion of the judgment providing for future payment expire 10 years after the date on which the future payment becomes due. At any time before the judgment remedies for a money award described in this subsection expire, judgment remedies for the portion of the judgment providing for a future payment may be extended as provided in section 19 of this 2003 Act.

SECTION 19. Extension of judgment remedies.

(1) Judgment remedies for a judgment may be extended by filing a certificate of extension in the court that entered the judgment. The court administrator shall enter the certificate in the register of the court and in the separate record maintained under section 9 of this 2003 Act. Except as provided in sections 18 to 22 of this 2003 Act, a judgment creditor may file a certificate of extension only if:

(a) Judgment remedies for the judgment have not expired under section 18 of this 2003 Act; and

(b) A full satisfaction document for the money award portion of the judgment has not been filed.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, if the judgment debtor has been discharged from debt under federal bankruptcy laws, a certificate of extension may not be filed except as provided in this subsection. Judgments are presumed to have not been discharged in bankruptcy until the judgment debtor establishes that the judgment has been discharged. If the judgment debtor is discharged from a debt, a certificate of extension may be filed if:

(a) The debtor owned real property and the judgment lien attached to that property before the filing of the bankruptcy petition;

(b) The judgment lien was not avoided by action of the bankruptcy court;

(c) The judgment lien has not been discharged under ORS 18.420; and

(d) The certificate of extension includes a legal description of the real property and a statement that the extension affects only the lien on the real property described in the certificate.

(3) A certificate of extension must be signed by the judgment creditor, or by an attorney who represents the judgment creditor.

(4) Subject to sections 21 and 22 of this 2003 Act, if a certificate of extension is filed after the date on which the judgment remedies for the judgment expire under section 18 of this 2003 Act, the certificate has no effect.

(5) The judgment remedies for a judgment that are extended under the provisions of this section expire 10 years after the certificate of extension is filed. Judgment remedies for a judgment may be extended only once under the provisions of this section.

(6) A certified copy of a certificate of extension, or a lien record abstract for the certificate, may be recorded in any county in which the judgment was recorded under section 15 of this 2003 Act, with the effect provided by section 15(4) of this 2003 Act.

(7) Except as provided in sections 20, 21 and 22 of this 2003 Act, the judgment remedies for the support award portion of a judgment, and any lump sum money award for unpaid child support installments, may not be extended under this section.

(8) The judgment remedies for a judgment in a criminal action may not be extended under this section.

(9) This section does not apply to justice courts, municipal courts or county courts performing judicial functions.

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